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Germans increasingly prejudiced against foreigners, Muslims

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Germany

Germans increasingly prejudiced against foreigners, Muslims

Xenophobia is on the rise in Germany, in particular in its eastern states, according to a new study. What's more, an increased affinity for authoritarianism in the country could pose a threat to democracy.

Demonstration for Pro Chemnitz (picture-allia   nce/AP Photo/J. Meyer)

More than one out of three Germans believes foreigners only come to the country to exploit the welfare state, a study on authoritarian attitudes in Germany says. Almost one out of two people in eastern Germany believes this to be true, and almost as many people are convinced Germany is already "dangerously watered down" by foreigners â€" 35.6 percent of those interviewed overall held that conviction (44.6 percent among eastern Germans).

Read more: Germany tolerant of LGBT neighbors, but not Muslim ones

"More than 30 percent of the people living in eastern Germany unanimously agree with xenophobic views," said Oliver Decker, the head of the study at the Leipzig-based Competence Center for Right-Wing Extremism and Democracy Research. That is a really high percentage, he told DW. Roughly 22 percent of western Germans agreed with those views. Since 2002, the institute has published a biennial study on authoritar ian and right-wing extremist views in Germany.

Hatred for Muslims, Sinti and Roma

The latest study found that prejudice against migrants has increased in general, in particular against Muslims, Sinti and Roma. The latter groups face significant aggression, Decker said. Almost 60 percent of the people who participated in the study agreed with the assumption that Sinti and Roma are prone to crime â€" almost 5 percent more than in the 2014 study.

A Roma woman (Fotolia/Bizarr)

Many people hold prejudice views about Germany's Roma and Sinti community in particular, the study found

Misgivings about Muslims have also increased. According to the study, more than 44 percent of those surveyed believe Muslims should be banned from immigrating to Germany, compared to 36.5 percent four years ago. More than one out of two (55.8 percent) said that the number of Muslims in Germany made them feel like strangers in their own country sometimes, compared to 43 percent in 2014.

Read more: East Germany â€" it's not just the economy, stupid!

Such figures from the study were almost always higher in eastern Germany than in the West.

Wary of Jews

Anti-Semitism, too, has increasingly made headlines throughout Germany in the wake of several high-profile incidents in Berlin and elsewhere. One out of 10 people questioned felt Jews still have "too much of an influence even today" and almost as many said there is something special and peculiar about Jews and thus they "do not really fit in with us," according to the study. Its authors suspect that even more Germans harbor anti-Semitic feelings but won't admit to them in public because doing so is not socially accepted.

Oliver Decker (picture-alliance/dpa/K. Nietfeld)

Many Germans feel left behind economically and target their frustration at foreigners as a result, says Decker

But hating foreigners, Muslims, Sinti and Roma has nothing to do directly with these groups, Decker argued. Not all Germans have equally benefited from the country's overall positive economic development over the past few decades, resulting in anger and aggression among those feeling left behind. Xenophobia has proven to be the perfect outlet to direct their frustration, he said.

Consequences for democracy

This kind of changing sentiment poses a threat to democracy in Germany, according to Decker, who added that while more than 90 percent of the people surveyed believe the idea of democracy is a good thing, t hey interpret that term differently.

Read more: Lessons from Chemnitz â€" eastern Germany's right-wing protesters awash in anxiety

"Most people believe democracy can also be something akin to a dictatorship by the majority," he said. They believe the protective rights of individual people or groups can be abolished if it is necessary for the good of the whole, Decker explained. Should this kind of thinking ever gain a majority in government, he added, democracy itself could be threatened by democratically elected lawmakers.

Political platform for far-right extremists

Almost 8 percent of the participants in the study said a dictatorship might be the better form of government under certain circumstances, while 11 percent said they wanted a leader who "governs the country with a firm hand for the good of all."

AfD supporters protesting (picture alliance/dpa/Aktivnews)

According to the study, supporters of the AfD are more likely to harbor xenophobic and anti-democratic views

Voters of the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) party in particular harbor xenophobic (55 percent) and anti-democratic (13.2 percent) views, according to the study, which found that the AfD offers people "with a right-wing extremist view of the world" a political platform. At roughly 20 percent, xenophobia among the voters of Germany's establishment parties â€" the conservative Christian Democratic Union, its Bavarian Christian Social Union sister party, the center-left Social Democrats and the business-friendly Free Democrats â€" is quite high, too.

That said, the study also shows positive developments. "We can say that 30 percent of the population has a decidedly democratic attitude," Decker said. That may not sound like a lot, he added, but Decker believes these people are willing to take a stand for democracy while they also accept different positions.

A good part of the German people may be ambivalent about democracy, but that doesn't automatically make them authoritarian, Decker noted. "Unfortunately, 40 percent of the people are in favor of more authoritarian social structures," he said. "And that is why we are currently seeing such a clear polarization within the society".

DW recommends

Germany's far-right AfD increasingly radicalized by its grassroots, experts warn

Many prominent members of the far-right Alternative for Germany are seemingly unafraid of espousing racist ideology and historical revisionism. Experts warn the organization is becoming increasingly radicalized. (06.08.2018)

Angela Merkel warns against erosion of democracy

Merkel defended democratic values in an interview following a contentious summer for her government. Interior Minister Horst Seehofer also said he doesn't expect a repeat of the crisis that nearly upended Berlin. (26.08.2018)

East Germany: It's not just the economy, stupid!

Many of the economic problems facing eastern Germany are similar to those in western Germany and most of Europe. So, why is xenophobia so much worse in the East? (13.09.2018)

Lessons from Chemnitz: Eastern Germany's right-wing protesters awash in anxiety

The resentments at play over migrants in Germany have reached a dangerous level following the stabbing of a German man. In Chemnitz DW's Jefferson Chase also saw how the far-right protesters are co-opting German history. (02.09.2018)

Germany tolerant of LGBT neighbors, but not Muslim ones

While homophobia has seen a drastic decrease in Germany over the years, Islamophobia has remained stubbornly stagnant. A new Playboy poll has found that most Germans are opposed to mosques, hijab, and refugee homes. (16.08.2018)

Berlin court finds teen guilty of assault in attack on kippa-wearer

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  • Date 07.11.2018
  • Author Helena Baers
  • Related Subjects Xenophobia
  • Keywords right-wing extremism, xenophobia, Islamophobia, democracy, authoritarianism
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  • Date 07.11.2018
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Source: Google News Germany | Netizen 24 Germany

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Posted by On 4:59 AM

Germany's solution to Dieselgate: buy German cars

Germany's solution to Dieselgate: buy German cars

  • A Volkswagen showcased in Berlin in October 2015, weeks after the Dieselgate scandal began (Photo: Gilbert Sopakuwa)

By Peter Teffer

Germany's national car certification authority is sending letters to consumers urging them to buy a cleaner car â€" but seemingly nudging them towards buying a German-made car.

The authority, a German governmental organisation, is the Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt (KBA, Federal Motor Transport Authority) and they appear in the letter to be openly promoting new 'home-made' vehicles - whilst ostensibly only alerting the recipient to possible diesel-emis sion issues with their existing car.

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  • Letter from the Kraftfahrt-Bundes amt (KBA), or Federal Motor Transport Authority (Photo: Peter Teffer)

The existence of the letter was revealed on Tuesday (6 November) by Juergen Resch, director of the environmentalist group Deutsche Umwelthilfe (Environmental Action Germany), and seen by EUobserver.

It was presented as an example of the blurred lines between German car companies and the government that is supposed to oversee them.

The letter told the recipient that, according to the KBA's register, she owned a diesel car that did not conform to the latest (Euro 6) emissions standards, and that she lived in a region where the annual nitrogen dioxide limits were being exceeded.

The KBA informed the recipient of the letter that the government wanted to renew the fleet of diesel cars to improve air quality and avoid city bans of polluting diesel cars.

It went on to say that there was a bonus available for those who handed in thei r old diesel cars, and referred to special "hotlines" of three car companies: BMW, Daimler, and VW â€" all German companies.

The top right of the letter listed websites and phone numbers for the three German companies.

"For further questions, please contact exclusively these hotlines", the letter said. (Photo: Peter Teffer)

Although the letter did say that the consumer was "of course free" to ask other car companies about any available premiums for handing in old diesel cars, Resch called the letter purely an "advertisement" for Germany's own carmakers.

"It's only about buying a new car," he said.

What makes the letter so remarkable, is that the KBA is the 'type approval authority' in Germany, in charge of mak ing sure that cars are compliant with EU legislation.

Its president since 2004 has been Ekhard Zinke, who appeared in 2016 at a Dieselgate hearing in the European Parliament.

Despite the KBA being in charge of checking for emissions software known as 'defeat devices', Zinke claimed that he had not heard about them before the scandal broke.

He also was of the opinion that VW did not need to pay a fine because being forced to recall the faulty cars was punishment enough.

Resch revealed the existence of the letter at a conference in Brussels about the aftermath of the Dieselgate emissions scandal, organised by the European Public Health Alliance, Eurocities, and Transport & Environment.

He said that "probably ... millions of car owners" have received or will receive the letter.

Resch complained that the letter was an example of how nothing has changed in the cosy relationship between the German car industry a nd German government.

Those links have always been very close - but they were tested over the past three years, since the outbreak of the Dieselgate scandal.

The scandal began in September 2015 when it was revealed that Volkswagen Group had equipped 8.5 million cars in Europe with cheating software â€" which duped the official test into thinking that the car was clean when it in fact was breaking EU emissions limits.

It resulted in the diesel brand becoming tainted, and dozens of European cities banning older diesels to prevent their citizens breathing polluted air.

43m dirty diesels still on streets

Even more than three years after the scandal first broke, new developments continue to occur.

"Dieselgate is still not over," said the responsible EU commissioner, Elzbieta Bienkowska, at the conference.

"It seems that industry is still using loopholes," she added.

"Despite all of the bad news that we see and hear, it is honest to admit that we have made really progress in the last three years," Bienkowska did, however, note.

There have been new testing procedures introduced, as well as a bigger role for EU oversight in a system that until recently was mostly national.

But Bienkowska also noted that everyone involved had to "do better" to clean up Europe's streets, on which an estimated 43 million dirty diesel cars are still driving around.

She also said the European Commission needed to do better.

"I know that sometimes we are not fast enough. I am very impatient," she said.

Source: Google News Germany | Netizen 24 Germany

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Posted by On 3:23 AM

Delegates from Germany's national parliament visit Vanderbilt

Delegates from Germany’s national parliament visit Vanderbilt Nov. 6, 2018, 11:55 PM

By Lindsey Koch

The Hon. Matthias Heider, a member of the German Bundestag and chair of the German-U.S. Parliamentary Friendship Group, gives opening remarks during a visit to a Vanderbilt undergraduate class. (Vanderbilt University)
The Hon. Matthias Heider, a member of the German Bundestag and chair of the German-U.S. Parliamentary Friendship Group, gives opening remarks during a visit to a Vanderbilt undergraduate class. (Vanderbilt University)

Seven members of the German Bundestag, Germany’s national parliament, visited a Vanderbilt class Oct. 31 to discuss a number of contemporary political issues with undergraduate students.

The German delegation served as a panel for a “trans-Atlantic town hall” hosted by Meike Werner, associate professor and chair of the German department, and Thomas Schwartz, professor of history. They discussed United States-German relations and various issues related to global politics.

Seven German Bundestag delegates take questions from Vanderbilt undergraduate students on important issues being discussed in Germany and around the world. (Vanderbilt University)
Seven German Bundestag delegates take questions from Vanderbilt undergraduate students on important issues being discussed in Germany and around the world. (Vanderbilt University)

Representatives of the German delegation included Matthias Heider, MdB; Katja Keul, MdB; Stephan Mayer, MdB; Andrew Ullman; Marja-Liisa Völlers; Gesine Loetzsch; and Harald Weyel.

The delegates were visi ting the United States for the 35th Congress-Bundestag Seminar, an annual gathering that focuses heavily on the alliances and partnership between the two countries and allows them to explore topics of mutual interest.

Heider, chair of the German-U.S. Parliamentary Friendship Group, opened the town hall by emphasizing the importance of “reinforcing personal friendship and ties” between the United States and Germany and “tackling international challenges together.”

The Hon. Marja-Liisa Völlers, a member of the German Bundestag, discusses gender disparities in the German national parliament during a visit to a Vanderbilt undergraduate class. (Vanderbilt University)
The Hon. Marja-Liisa Völlers, a member of the German Bundestag, discusses gender disparities in the German national parliament during a visit to a Vanderbilt undergraduate class. (Vanderbilt Univer sity)

Undergraduate students from the Vanderbilt history and German departments asked the delegates a number of questions regarding alliances between certain nations and how various issues impact both the United States and Germany in similar ways. The panel engaged in lively debate about topics relevant to both countries, including party polarization, gender disparity in government, and immigration. Delegates also talked about German educational systems, voting procedures and how they differ from the United States, and the value of democracy in both nations.

Source: Google News Germany | Netizen 24 Germany

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Posted by On 2:31 PM

Non-Hydro Renewables To Replace Nuclear In Germany, Reaching 71.9% By 2030

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Published on November 6th, 2018 | by Joshua S Hill

Non-Hydro Renewables To Replace Nuclear In Germany, Reaching 71.9% By 2030
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November 6th, 2018 by Joshua S Hill

With Germany set to phase out its nuclear capacity by 2022, leading analysts GlobalData predicts that non-hydro renewables will almost exclusively fill the remaining capacity, and by 2030 will contribute over 70% to the country’s power mix.

Saerbeck Wind and SolarGlobalData published a new report last week which claims non-hydro renewables will almost exclusively replace nuclear energy in Germany as the country phases out the technology, bolstered by recent renewable growth which already contributes a significant percentage of Germany’s power mix. Specifically, in 2017, onshore wind power capacity accounted for the largest share of installed capacity in Germany with 24.1%, followed by coal with 22.1% and then solar PV with 20.2%.

All up, non-hydro renewables contributed over half (51.6%) of Germany’s total installed power capacity in 2017.

“Non-hydro renewable power capacity is expected to continue growing to establish itself as the dominant source of energy by 2030, when it is expected to account for 71.9% of total installed capacity,” said Chiradeep Chatterjee, Power Analyst at GlobalData. “On the other hand, it is expected that Germany will have phased out nuclear energy by 2022.”

Looking forward, GlobalData sees Germany focusing on expanding its offshore wind and geothermal power sectors, which are expected to increase at a rate of 8.7% and 9.9% respectively. Conversely, thermal capacity is expected to decline from its current levels of 38.4% to only 23.2% by 2030, due primarily to a reduction in coal-fired capacity.

Specifically, according to GlobalData, the following table outlines the company’s forecasts for onshore wind, offshore wind, solar PV, and solar thermal (CSP) through to 2030:

Power Market, Ge rmany, Onshore Wind, Offshore Wind, and Solar PV Capacity (MW), 2018â€"2030
Year Onshore wind Offshore wind Solar PV Solar thermal (CSP)
2018 54,039 5,794 44,884 2
2020 60,916 7,712 49,875 2
2025 74,630 11,131 62,425 2
2030 85,211 16,042 73,775 2
Source: GlobalData, Power Database

“The share of coal power, which was 22.1% in 2017 in the total capacity mix, is expected to decline to 9.3% in 2030,” added Chatterjee. “The gap is expected to be filled up only partially by gas-based capacity which explains the net decline in the share of therm al power.”

What’s potentially most important, however, is the apparent dichotomy between Germany’s success in building up its renewable energy industry â€" to the point where it is almost casually overtaking and supplanting fossil fuel technologies â€" and the country’s opposition to a larger regional, European Union-wide renewable energy target. Specifically, in June, during the European Union’s negotiations for a higher renewable energy target, Germany set itself up as one of the roadblocks to a higher target â€" opposing anything from 35% to the called-for 45% target â€" claiming that it was seeking to implement a more “credible” and “achievable” goal, and that it would veto any renewables target above 32%.

Chiradeep Chatterjee on Germany’s Renewable Energy Ambitions

To unpack this, I asked GlobalData’s Chiradeep Chatterjee to speak to the apparent dichotomy between Germany’s two-faced approach to renewable energy, and I’ll let him take us through to the end.

Angela Merkel, Germany’s current Chancellor

“Germany’s share in the total EU installed generation capacity is significant at 13.9% as of 2017. In terms of renewables (excluding hydropower), that was even higher at 31.5%. It also has the largest voting power in the EU. The EU has agreed to a new target of 32% from renewables by 2030. The EU parliament and some EU members wanted a target of 33%â€"35% to be fixed but this was nixed by Germany. Germany has made tremendous progress in pushing forward renewables. The share of non-hydro renewables increased from a mere 6.5% in 2000 to 51.6% in 2017 â€" at a compound annual growth rate of 17%.

“The success of renewables has however been limited to only the power sector. In terms of the total energy mix, Germany has not been able to fare so well. Taking into accoun t, transport, and the heating sectors, renewables made up only 13% of the total energy mix in 2017.

“Germany appears to be on track to meeting its Europe 2020 renewable energy target of 18%. However, it is expected to miss its nationally set emissions reduction target for 2020 by four percentage points, according to a report by the European Commission published in March 2018. The Commission has stated in its report that going by the level of Germany’s ongoing policy implementation, emissions in 2020 will be 36% below 1990 levels compared to its set target of 40%. The German government itself has projected an emission reduction achievement of 32% against its 40% target by the end of 2020.

“The report also states that Germany will miss its target of reducing emissions from sectors not covered under the EU Emission Trading System in 2020. The target is to reduce emissions by 14% between 2005 and 2020. Germany could miss that target by as much as 3. 3%.

“The country could be penalized heftily by the European Commission for missing its targets.

“If Germany supported increased EU-wide targets for renewable energy, the above account shows that it would be at an even more increased risk of missing those targets. This has prompted the country to oppose an increase in renewable energy targets.

“There are other factors at play as well. The cost of energy transition is borne by the end consumers. And cost has increased drastically. Electricity cost for households has doubled between 2000 and 2017. However, the effects of climate protection being not immediately visible, has triggered resentment among consumers and they are complaining, according to Klaus Mueller, head of the German consumer lobby Verbraucherzentrale Bundesverband.

“Then th ere is the constraint of the transmission grid. Between the north and the south of the country, there is no continuous grid. Germany transmits electricity between these two regions by connecting with the grids of countries such as the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, and Poland. Much of Germany’s wind energy generation occurs in the northern part of the country. And this needs to be sent to the south of the country where the major industrial centers are situated. But routing the electricity through the grids of the countries mentioned above poses the problem of these grids not being always in a position to absorb generation surges. That places a constraint on the country in pushing its renewable effort too hard, as it is not in a position to absorb all the energy it will generate.

“Furthermore, the current political establishment is keen on phasing out nuclear power. In this situation, Germany can balance intermittent renewable energy generation only through foss il fuels. Natural gas is less dirty than coal, but the country will have to import that from Russia. However, Russia can use its gas supply route as a potential geopolitical weapon in a region on which it used to have considerable influence. That limits Germany’s gas option leaving it to depend on domestically available coal.

“It is understood that Germany will take decades to bring down coal from its current levels significantly. That provides another plausible reason behind Germany’s opposition to increased EU-wide targets.”

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About the Author

Joshua S Hill I'm a Christian, a nerd, a geek, and I believe that we're pretty quickly directing planet-Earth into hell in a handbasket! I also write for Fantasy Book Review (.co.uk), and can be found writing articles for a variety of other sites. Check me out at about.me for more.


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This site uses cookies: Find out more.Okay, thanksSource: Google News Germany | Netizen 24 Germany